Spectral indices sensitively discriminating wheat genotypes of different canopy architectures

Spectral indices sensitively discriminating wheat genotypes of different canopy architectures A field experiment of 18 wheat cultivars of erectophile, planophile and horizontal canopy architectures was conducted during the 2004–2005 growing seasons in Beijing (40°10.6′ N, 116°26.3′ E), China. Canopy reflectance (350–2500 nm) at different growth stages was measured and leaf area index (LAI) and leaf chlorophyll concentration (Chl) were determined at booting. The main objective of the study was to evaluate the ability of various vegetative indices (VIs) to detect canopy architectures in wheat genotypes. The chlorophyll-sensitive spectral indices, the modified chlorophyll absorption reflectance index (MCARI) and the transformed chlorophyll absorption reflectance index (TCARI), were very sensitive to canopy architectures in the wheat plants. The MCARI values were significantly (p < 0.05) larger for the horizontal genotypes than for the planophile ones, and also larger for the planophile genotypes than for the erectophile ones for the six growth stages. The TCARI had a similar power to MCARI for discriminating between different wheat canopy architectures. At booting, both MCARI and TCARI were only weakly related to Chl in the upper, middle and lower leaves. The results emphasized the difficulties of determining crop Chl from canopy reflectance. The mechanisms that cause the differences in MCARI and TCARI among the canopy architectures are discussed. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Precision Agriculture Springer Journals

Spectral indices sensitively discriminating wheat genotypes of different canopy architectures

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2009 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Subject
Life Sciences; Agriculture; Soil Science & Conservation; Remote Sensing/Photogrammetry; Statistics for Engineering, Physics, Computer Science, Chemistry and Earth Sciences; Atmospheric Sciences
ISSN
1385-2256
eISSN
1573-1618
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11119-009-9148-7
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

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