A field experiment of 18 wheat cultivars of erectophile, planophile and horizontal canopy architectures was conducted during the 2004–2005 growing seasons in Beijing (40°10.6′ N, 116°26.3′ E), China. Canopy reflectance (350–2500 nm) at different growth stages was measured and leaf area index (LAI) and leaf chlorophyll concentration (Chl) were determined at booting. The main objective of the study was to evaluate the ability of various vegetative indices (VIs) to detect canopy architectures in wheat genotypes. The chlorophyll-sensitive spectral indices, the modified chlorophyll absorption reflectance index (MCARI) and the transformed chlorophyll absorption reflectance index (TCARI), were very sensitive to canopy architectures in the wheat plants. The MCARI values were significantly (p < 0.05) larger for the horizontal genotypes than for the planophile ones, and also larger for the planophile genotypes than for the erectophile ones for the six growth stages. The TCARI had a similar power to MCARI for discriminating between different wheat canopy architectures. At booting, both MCARI and TCARI were only weakly related to Chl in the upper, middle and lower leaves. The results emphasized the difficulties of determining crop Chl from canopy reflectance. The mechanisms that cause the differences in MCARI and TCARI among the canopy architectures are discussed.
Precision Agriculture – Springer Journals
Published: Nov 19, 2009
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