Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 13: 165–175, 2003. © 2004 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands. S. Mustafa, S. Saad & R.A. Rahman Borneo Marine Research Institute, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, 88999 Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia Contents Introduction page 165 Deﬁning success 165 Economic effectiveness 166 Species studies 167 Penaeid prawn European lobster Scallop Giant clam Abalone Sea cucumber Salmon Atlantic cod Conclusion 172 References 172 Introduction There can be no permanent measures of success for sea ranching because science is dynamic and gener- The idea of stock enhancement and sea ranching ates knowledge on a continuing basis, takes into sounds attracting to those interested in increasing account new concerns and parameters, uses new tech- the landings from sea. Experience with several stock niques of measurement, and adopts new approaches to enhancement projects, however, shows that assuming determining costs and beneﬁts. a sure increase in catches of species because their Deﬁning and measuring the success of stock juveniles are seeded in the sea is over-simplistic. enhancement programs in practical terms along with Whether or not stock enhancement efforts achieve a review of empirical data available for certain species increased ﬁshery production depends on a number ranched experimentally or
Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 4, 2004
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