Speciation and chromosomal evolution of the Baikalian endemic chironomids of the genus Sergentia Kief. (Diptera, Chironomidae): Karyotype divergence and chromosomal polymorphism in the populations of deep-water species Sergentia nebulosa Linevitsh et al. and Sergentia assimilis Proviz V. et Proviz L.

Speciation and chromosomal evolution of the Baikalian endemic chironomids of the genus Sergentia... Specific karyotype structure and chromosomal polymorphism was investigated in the populations of Sergentia nebulosa Linevitsh et al., 1984 and Sergentia assimilis Proviz V. et Proviz L., 1999, the deep-water endemic chironomid species (Diptera, Chironomidae) from the Baikal Lake. The distinguishing feature of the karyotypes of these species, compared to the other Baikalian Sergentia, is well-developed nucleolus in region 6 of arm C. Both species display the presence of interspecific population polymorphism, determined by the structure of this arm. In some populations, chromosome regions from 4 to 6 contain a homozygous inversion, which is absent in the other populations. The distinguishing karyotype feature of S. assimilis, which shares fluctuating homozygous inversions with the other species, is the presence of two species-specific homozygous inversions. These are the secondary overlapping inversion in arm A, regions 2 to 7, and the inversion in regions 4 to 10 of arm G. Both species of interest contain nucleolus organizer in region 10 of arm G. In populations of S. nebulosa, six heterozygous inversions localized in arms A, B, C, F, and G were discovered. The highest number of heterozygotes for inversions (71%) was observed in the population from Southern Baikal. In arm B of S. assimilis, one heterozygous inversion and heterozygosity for nucleolus organizer in the chromosome region 16 was detected. Chromosomal evolution of Baikalian Sergentia, and the role of inversion polymorphism in the population adaptation is discussed. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Genetics Springer Journals

Speciation and chromosomal evolution of the Baikalian endemic chironomids of the genus Sergentia Kief. (Diptera, Chironomidae): Karyotype divergence and chromosomal polymorphism in the populations of deep-water species Sergentia nebulosa Linevitsh et al. and Sergentia assimilis Proviz V. et Proviz L.

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Publisher
SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright
Copyright © 2008 by MAIK Nauka
Subject
Biomedicine; Microbial Genetics and Genomics; Animal Genetics and Genomics; Human Genetics
ISSN
1022-7954
eISSN
1608-3369
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1022795408120041
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Specific karyotype structure and chromosomal polymorphism was investigated in the populations of Sergentia nebulosa Linevitsh et al., 1984 and Sergentia assimilis Proviz V. et Proviz L., 1999, the deep-water endemic chironomid species (Diptera, Chironomidae) from the Baikal Lake. The distinguishing feature of the karyotypes of these species, compared to the other Baikalian Sergentia, is well-developed nucleolus in region 6 of arm C. Both species display the presence of interspecific population polymorphism, determined by the structure of this arm. In some populations, chromosome regions from 4 to 6 contain a homozygous inversion, which is absent in the other populations. The distinguishing karyotype feature of S. assimilis, which shares fluctuating homozygous inversions with the other species, is the presence of two species-specific homozygous inversions. These are the secondary overlapping inversion in arm A, regions 2 to 7, and the inversion in regions 4 to 10 of arm G. Both species of interest contain nucleolus organizer in region 10 of arm G. In populations of S. nebulosa, six heterozygous inversions localized in arms A, B, C, F, and G were discovered. The highest number of heterozygotes for inversions (71%) was observed in the population from Southern Baikal. In arm B of S. assimilis, one heterozygous inversion and heterozygosity for nucleolus organizer in the chromosome region 16 was detected. Chromosomal evolution of Baikalian Sergentia, and the role of inversion polymorphism in the population adaptation is discussed.

Journal

Russian Journal of GeneticsSpringer Journals

Published: Dec 9, 2008

References

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