Int J Life Cycle Assess (2018) 23:1286–1296 DOI 10.1007/s11367-017-1349-0 NON-TOXIC IMPACT CATEGORIES ASSOCIATED WITH EMISSIONS TO AIR, WATER, SOIL Spatially explicit fate factors of waterborne nitrogen emissions at the global scale 1 2 1 Nuno Cosme & Emilio Mayorga & Michael Z. Hauschild Received: 9 May 2016 /Accepted: 31 May 2017 /Published online: 19 June 2017 Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017 Abstract freshwater or marine water. Based on modelling of individual Purpose Marine eutrophication impacts due to waterborne river basins, regionally aggregated FFs are calculated as nitrogen (N) emissions may vary significantly with their type emission-weighted averages. and location. The environmental fate of dissolved inorganic Results and discussion Among 5772 river basins of the world, nitrogen (DIN) forms is essential to understand the impacts the calculated FFs show 5 orders of magnitude variation for they may trigger in receiving coastal waters. Current life cycle the soil-related emission route, 3 for the river-related, and 2 for impact assessment (LCIA) methods apply fate factors (FFs) emissions to marine water. Spatial aggregation of the FFs at with limited specificity of DIN emission routes, and often lack the continental level decreases this variation to 1 order of spatial differentiation and global applicability. This paper
The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 19, 2017
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