Spatial resolution effects on the measurement of scalar variance and scalar gradient in turbulent nonpremixed jet flames

Spatial resolution effects on the measurement of scalar variance and scalar gradient in turbulent... The effect of spatial averaging is important for scalar gradient measurements in turbulent nonpremixed flames, especially when the local dissipation length scale is small. Line imaging of Raman, Rayleigh and CO-LIF is used to investigate the effects of experimental resolution on the scalar variance and radial gradient in the near field of turbulent nonpremixed CH4/H2/N2 jet flames at Reynolds numbers of 15,200 and 22,800 (DLR-A and B) and in piloted CH4/air jet flames at Reynolds numbers of 13,400, 22,400 and 33,600 (Sandia flames C/D/E). The finite spatial resolution effects are studied by applying the Box filter with varying filter widths. The resulting resolution curves for both scalar variance and mean squared-gradient follow nearly the same trends as theoretical curves calculated from the model turbulence kinetic energy spectrum of Pope. The observed collapse of resolution curves of mean squared-gradient for nearly all studied cases implies the shape of the dissipation spectrum is approximately universal. Fluid transport properties are shown to have no effect on the dissipation resolution curve, which implies that the dissipation length scale inferred from the square gradient is equivalent to the length scale for the scalar dissipation rate, which includes the diffusion coefficient. With the Box filter, the required spatial resolution to resolve 98% of the mean dissipation rate is about one−two times of the dissipation cutoff length scale (analogous to the Batchelor scale in turbulent isothermal flows). The effects of resolution on the variances of mixture fraction, temperature, and the inverted Rayleigh signal are also compared. The ratio of the filtered variance to the true variance is shown to depend nearly linearly on the probe resolution. The inverted Rayleigh scattering signal can be used to study the resolution effect on temperature variance even when the Rayleigh scattering cross section is not constant. The experimental results also indicate that these laboratory scale turbulent jet flames have small effective Reynolds numbers, such that there is some direct interaction of the large (energy containing) and small (dissipative) scalar length scales, especially for the near field case at x/d = 7.5 of the piloted Sandia flames C/D/E. Experiments in Fluids Springer Journals

Spatial resolution effects on the measurement of scalar variance and scalar gradient in turbulent nonpremixed jet flames

Loading next page...
Copyright © 2007 by Springer-Verlag
Engineering; Engineering Fluid Dynamics; Fluid- and Aerodynamics; Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial