Spatial and vertical variability of primary production in the Kara Sea in July and August 2016: the influence of the river plume and subsurface chlorophyll maxima

Spatial and vertical variability of primary production in the Kara Sea in July and August 2016:... Seasonal variations in primary production (PP) in the Kara Sea are underresearched. Previous studies only collected data during autumn or in late summer. However, the middle of summer is close to the beginning of the growing season, when PP can contribute significantly to annual water column integrated primary production (IPP). In addition, differences can be expected in the spatial and vertical distribution of phytoplankton communities in this period. This gap in midsummer data was addressed within the framework of a multidisciplinary research cruise by the R/V “Akademik Mstislav Keldysh” (from 15 July to 18 August 2016). High values of IPP (> 200 mgC m−2 day−1) and surface chlorophyll a (Chl a) concentration (Chl0 > 1 mg m−3) were associated with the Ob–Yenisey river plume, located in the central part of the Kara Sea. Beyond the influence of the plume, in the western and southwestern regions of the Kara Sea, well-pronounced subsurface chlorophyll maxima (SCM) were observed. In some cases, the Chl a concentration in SCM exceeded Chl0 by two orders of magnitude. SCM were often accompanied by subsurface PP maxima (SPM). At stations where SCM was pronounced, IPP values reached 500–800 mgC m−2 day−1, and > 30 % of IPP was accounted for by SPM-integrated PP. Thus, in the middle of summer in the Kara Sea, IPP was linked with the chlorophyll-specific phytoplankton biomass and depended on the strength of the SCM. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Polar Biology Springer Journals

Spatial and vertical variability of primary production in the Kara Sea in July and August 2016: the influence of the river plume and subsurface chlorophyll maxima

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Life Sciences; Ecology; Oceanography; Microbiology; Plant Sciences; Zoology
ISSN
0722-4060
eISSN
1432-2056
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00300-017-2217-x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Seasonal variations in primary production (PP) in the Kara Sea are underresearched. Previous studies only collected data during autumn or in late summer. However, the middle of summer is close to the beginning of the growing season, when PP can contribute significantly to annual water column integrated primary production (IPP). In addition, differences can be expected in the spatial and vertical distribution of phytoplankton communities in this period. This gap in midsummer data was addressed within the framework of a multidisciplinary research cruise by the R/V “Akademik Mstislav Keldysh” (from 15 July to 18 August 2016). High values of IPP (> 200 mgC m−2 day−1) and surface chlorophyll a (Chl a) concentration (Chl0 > 1 mg m−3) were associated with the Ob–Yenisey river plume, located in the central part of the Kara Sea. Beyond the influence of the plume, in the western and southwestern regions of the Kara Sea, well-pronounced subsurface chlorophyll maxima (SCM) were observed. In some cases, the Chl a concentration in SCM exceeded Chl0 by two orders of magnitude. SCM were often accompanied by subsurface PP maxima (SPM). At stations where SCM was pronounced, IPP values reached 500–800 mgC m−2 day−1, and > 30 % of IPP was accounted for by SPM-integrated PP. Thus, in the middle of summer in the Kara Sea, IPP was linked with the chlorophyll-specific phytoplankton biomass and depended on the strength of the SCM.

Journal

Polar BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Dec 14, 2017

References

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