Discrete suction is deployed in a flat plate boundary layer to create spanwise mean velocity gradients (SVG) with the goal of delaying the onset of laminar-to-turbulent transition. It is shown that finite boundary layer suction through a set of holes in a spanwise oriented array in the flat plate is successful in setting up steady and robust streamwise streaks in the boundary layer. Today, the SVG method for transition control is known to attenuate the growth of Tollmien–Schlichting (TS) waves and delay the transition to turbulence. In this investigation, low-amplitude forced TS waves are attenuated with the implication of extending the laminar flow by at least 120% for a discrete suction of 0.8% of the free-stream velocity. The control technique is also tested successfully for natural transition, with a resulting transition delay of 30%.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 7, 2017
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