Space–time correlation measurements of high-speed axisymmetric jets using optical deflectometry

Space–time correlation measurements of high-speed axisymmetric jets using optical deflectometry An optical deflectometry system is used to provide unique space–time correlation measurements at two positions separated by varying axial distances within a high-speed jet shear layer. The measurements were made for both pure air and for helium/air mixture jets at Mach numbers M=0.9 and M=1.5. The jets issue from round nozzles and the sensing volumes at the two measurement positions consist of small light filaments along spanwise lines that are tangential to the annular jet shear layer. Applying this technique to obtain measurements detailing the level of correlation, spectral content, and convection velocity for jet flows in these flow regimes near the end of the potential core is particularly important in the understanding and prediction of jet noise. Measurements near the end of the potential core along the jet lip line exhibit distinct cross-correlation curves for the pure air jet cases. However, helium/air mixture jets display much lower levels of correlation and little evidence of large-scale structure in the measured spectra. It is believed that the thick visual density gradients dominated by smaller scales throughout the shear layer of the helium/air mixture jets effectively mask the large-scale structure, thus, reflecting a limitation of this optical deflectometer. Finally, a decrease in normalized convection velocity with helium addition is observed. Experiments in Fluids Springer Journals

Space–time correlation measurements of high-speed axisymmetric jets using optical deflectometry

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