SOYUZTEPLOSTROI — 80 YEARS
IN HEAT ENGINEERING CONSTRUCTION
G. M. Martynenko
Translated from Novye Ogneupory, No. 9, pp. 16 – 17, September 2008.
Original article submitted August 20, 2008.
On 29 September 2008 it is 80 years since the formation
of Soyuzteplostroi, i.e. the first specialized organization in
the country for the construction of industrial furnaces, and
also the manufacture of smoke and ventilation stacks, and
also a founder of heat engineering construction in Russia.
In the 1920 – 1930s in view of plans for implementation
of electrification and industrialization in the USSR there was
rapid development of industry, large enterprises were con-
structed for ferrous and nonferrous metallurgy, engineering,
chemistry and petrochemistry, plants for producing
refractories, cement and other building materials. The
sharply increasing number of industrial furnaces and chim-
neys under construction required a combination of small un-
coordinated furnace and stack building cooperatives and the
creation of a large specialized organization with a capacity to
carry out these complex tasks.
For this purpose a Resolution of the Economic Council
of the RSFSR on 29 February 1928 (protocol No. 67) created
Gospech’trubstroi renamed in 1934 the State Planning, As
sembly and Construction Combine for heat engineering
Soyuzteplostroi. In a short time the Combine created a pow
erful production structure, organized a set of branches based
in regions of the construction of the giants of metallurgy, en
gineering and in other more industrially developed regions of
the country, it attracted and educated engineers, technicians
and workers, i.e. refractory workers, stack builders and as
semblers. Ahead of Soyuzteplostroi, as ahead of the whole of
domestic industry, was the task of securing engineering inde
pendence from overseas companies, i.e. supply of furnaces,
equipment, refractories and technology, to assimilate design
techniques, manufacture and assemble industrial furnaces
In the 1920 – 1930s construction of blast, open-hearth
and other furnaces was carried out according to the design
and engineering of foreign specialists. Blast furnace No. 1 at
Magnitka with a volume of 1033 m3 was constructed by
Soyuzteplostroi specialists according to a design with techni
cal cooperation of the firm Mack-Kee. The furnace lining
was installed in June 1930 and the first iron was produced on
February 1, 1932. By studying the American lining method,
the heat engineers improved it, moving from single-tier to
multi-tier work (3 tiers). This technology was used in the
construction of blast furnace No. 2 and made it possible to
reduce lining time by a factor of two. Believing that lining
furnaces by Soyuzteplostroi specialists had been assimilated
successfully the Peoples’ Commissar of Heavy Industry
turned away from the services of overseas firms in future and
the multi-tier assembly technology for blast furnace
refractories is used to the present day.
In the prewar period Soyuzteplostroi participated in the
construction of new capacity at Magnitogorsk, Kuznetsk,
Krivorog, and Nizhnetagil Metallurgical Combines, the
Dneproderzhinsk, Zaporozhe, Zhdanov, Donets, and Dne
propetrovsk Metallurgical Plants, the Moscow Plants Ham
mer and Sickle, and ZIL, Balkhash, Central Ural and Red
Refractories and Industrial Ceramics Vol. 49, No. 5, 2008
1083-4877/08/4905-0325 © 2008 Springer Science+Business Media, Inc.
Group of workers and technical managers for the construction of the
Magnitka blast furnace. 1932.
ZAO Soyuzteplostroi, Moscow, Russia.