The wide availability of ultrasound, along with its lack of ionizing radiation burden and need for sedation for most exams, often make sonography the first line in the imaging evaluation of children. The developing osseous anatomy of the spine in young infants provides a distinct window allowing for a detailed depiction of the spinal canal and its contents, which is not present in older children or adults. Here we review the clinical indications, sonographic technique, normal anatomy and pathology for imaging the lumbosacral spine in neonates and young infants. Additionally, we review the procedure for ultrasound assessment of the lengthening of magnetically controlled growing spinal rods, which allows orthopedists and radiologists to evaluate the effectiveness of distraction procedures of this hardware without the use of ionizing radiation.
Pediatric Radiology – Springer Journals
Published: Aug 4, 2017
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