The absence of progress in understanding the problem of redundant eukaryotic DNA is stated. This is caused primarily by the attempts to solve this problem either in terms of the traditional approaches (the general phenotypic parameters such as developmental rate, body size, etc. depend on the genome size) or by introducing such vague terms as egoistic, parasitic, or junk DNA. Studying chromatin diminution (CD) in copepods yielded two important conclusions. First, part of the genome of a certain size (94% in Cyclops kolensis first described by the authors) is not needed for somatic functions as it is eliminated during the early (fourth to seventh) cleavage divisions from the presumptive somatic cells. Second, this DNA is not redundant, let alone selfish or junk, relative to the germline cells. In this sense, it can be regarded as invariant (monomorphic) trait that characterizes the species. Analysis of cloned and sequenced DNA regions eliminated from the somatic cell genome by CD (i.e., confined to the germline), which was first carried out for C. kolensis, showed that the molecular structure of this DNA has at least two features of regular organization: a mosaic structure of repetitive sequences and high (sometimes up to 100%) homology between different repeats and subrepeats. We have suggested that the germline-restricted DNA forms a unique molecular portrait of the species genome, thus acting as a significant factor of genetic isolation. Yet, the phenomenon of CD proper as it occurs in Cyclopoida (without disintegration of the chromosome structure) may be regarded as a model of reductional genome evolution, which has repeatedly occurred in the history of eukaryotes.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: May 10, 2005
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera