The organic matter content in the eggs and early larvae of the ctenophores Mnemiopsis leidyi and Beroe ovata from the Black Sea was determined using the adapted microtechnique of dichromate oxidation. The content of organic matter in the eggs of M. leidyi (0.25 μg/indiv.) was 5 times less than in B. ovata (1.28 ± 0.29 μg/indiv.). The somatic content of organic matter was 0.25 ± 0.09 μg/indiv. (25.1 ± 8.3 μg/mg, wet wt) for 2-day-old larvae of M. leidyi (0.2–0.3 mm in body length) and 1.37 ± 0.19 μg/indiv. (67.1 ± 5.7 μg/mg wet wt) for larvae of B. ovata (0.4 mm in body length). The specific organic content of larvae of both species steadily decreased with an increase in ctenophore body size and weight, approaching 3–4 μg/mg of wet weight for 2 mm specimens of M. leidyi and 3–5 μg/mg of wet weight for 6 mm B. ovata. The specific organic content of early larvae was 20–30 times higher than that of adult ctenophores. The results of this investigation could be useful in the evaluation of the energy budget for somatic growth and generative production in these species. Calculations indicate that with specific wet weight growth rates of 0.43/day for M. leidyi larvae and 0.29/day for B. ovata larvae, their true organic increases are respectively 30 and 38% less, i.e., no more than 0.31/day for the former and 0.18/day for the latter species.
Russian Journal of Marine Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 23, 2007
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