Solvothermal and hydrothermal processes: the main
physico-chemical factors involved and new trends
Received: 23 July 2010 / Accepted: 9 December 2010 / Published online: 11 February 2011
Ó Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011
Abstract Hydro- and solvothermal processes play an important role in the dif-
ferent scientiﬁc domains involving either basic or applied research. During the last
years, such processes have been strongly developed, in particular with the elabo-
ration of nanocrystallites. This review article presents a brief history of their
development, an analysis of the key factors governing such processes, and the recent
Keywords Hydro/solvothermal processes Á History of hydrothermal processes Á
Key factors Á New trends
Due to the role of water in most mechanisms involved in different natural systems
(geology, chemistry, biology, etc.), the ﬁrst part of this article will be devoted to a
brief history of hydrothermal processes.
In the second part, an analysis of the key factors governing such hydro/
solvothermal processes will be conducted.
Taking into account the strong development of such processes during the last
20 years, the objective of the third part will be to summarize the recent trends.
The conclusion will propose some trails to improve the development of hydro/
solvothermal processes in the near future either for a better understanding of the
mechanisms governing these reactions or for the adaptation of these processes to
major problems in different scientiﬁc domains.
G. Demazeau (&)
ICMCB, University of Bordeaux, CNRS and ENSCBP,
86 Avenue du Dr. A. Schweitzer, 33608 Pessac Cedex, France
Res Chem Intermed (2011) 37:107–123