Solvent, substituent, and dimerization effects on the ring-opening mechanisms of monosilacyclopropylidenoids: a theoretical study

Solvent, substituent, and dimerization effects on the ring-opening mechanisms of... Density functional theory and ab initio computations elucidated the ring-opening of substituted (R = –CF3, –CN, –CH3, –H, –NH2, –OCH3, –OH, –SiH3) 1-bromo–1-lithiosilirane 1 and 2-bromo–2-lithiosilirane 2 to LiBr complexes of 2-silaallene and 1-silaallene, respectively. Formally, two competitive pathways can be considered. The ring-opening reaction can take place through a concerted manner via TS3. Alternatively, the reaction may proceed in a stepwise fashion with the intermediacy of a free silacyclopropylidene–LiBr complex 7. In both cases, the position of the substituents determines the kinetic of the reactions. The structures with an electron-donating group are generally unstable, whereas the silacyclopropylidenoids bearing electron-withdrawing substituents are particularly stable species. Here, we propose the ring-opening of 5a–h to corresponding LiBr complexes of 2-silaallenes can proceed in both concerted and stepwise mechanism except for –H, –CH3, and –SiH3. The obtained activation energies for the ring-openings of 5a–h to related 2-silaallenes are too high for a reaction at room temperature with up to 61.4 kcal/mol. In contrast, the activation energy barriers for the isomerization of 6a–h to the LiBr complexes of 1-silaallenes was determined to be relatively low at the B3LYP/6-31+G(d,p), M06/6-31+G(d,p), and MP2/6-31+G(d,p) levels. Moreover, we have also investigated the solvent effect on the unsubstituted models using both implicit and explicit solvation models. The energy barriers of the solvated models are found to be slightly higher than the results of gas phase calculations. Additionally, the ring-opening of dimer 6 (6–Dim) is also calculated for the ring-opening mechanism with the energy barrier of 3.7 kcal/mol at B3LYP/6-31+G(d,p) level of theory. Research on Chemical Intermediates Springer Journals

Solvent, substituent, and dimerization effects on the ring-opening mechanisms of monosilacyclopropylidenoids: a theoretical study

Loading next page...
Springer Netherlands
Copyright © 2016 by Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht
Chemistry; Catalysis; Physical Chemistry; Inorganic Chemistry
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial