The uptake of 3H-labeled choline by a suspension of isolated type II epithelial cells from rat lung has been studied in a Ringer medium. Uptake was linear for 4 min at both 0.1 μm and 5.0 μm medium choline; at 5 μm, only 10% of the label was recovered in a lipid fraction. Further experiments were conducted at the low concentration (0.1 μm), permitting characterization of the properties of high-affinity systems. Three fractions of choline uptake were detected: (i) a sodium-dependent system that was totally inhibited by hemicholinium-3 (HC-3); (ii) a sodium-independent uptake, when Na+ was replaced by Li+, K+ or Mg2+, inhibited by HC-3; (iii) a residual portion persisting in the absence of Na+ and unaffected by HC-3. Choline uptake was sigmoidally related to the medium Na+ concentration. Kinetic properties of the uptake of 0.1 μm 3H-choline in the presence and absence of medium Na+ were examined in two ways. (a) Inhibition by increasing concentrations of unlabeled choline (0.5–100 μm) was consistent with the presence of two Michaelis-Menten-type systems in the presence of Na+; a Na+-dependent portion (a mean of 0.52 of the total) had a K m for choline of 1.5 μm while K m in the absence of Na+ (Li+ substituting) was 18.6 μm. (b) Inhibition by HC-3 (0.3–300 μm) gave Ki values of 1.7 μm and 5.0 μm HC-3 for the Na+-dependent and -independent fractions. The apparent K m of the Na+-dependent uptake is lower than that reported previously for lung-derived cells and is in the range of the K m values reported for high-affinity, Na+-dependent choline uptake by neuronal cells.
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 15, 1998
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