Research that explains health of Arab and Chaldean Americans relative to the health of non-Arab White Americans is limited but steadily increasing. This study considers whether socioeconomic status moderates the relationship between race/ethnicity and physical and mental health. Data come from a state representative sample of Arab and Chaldean Americans—the 2013 Michigan Behavioral Risk Factor Survey and the 2013 Michigan Arab/Chaldean Behavioral Risk Factor Survey (N = 12,837 adults with 536 Arab/Chaldean Americans). Structural equation models examine whether socioeconomic status, operational- ized as educational attainment, moderates the relationship between Arab/Chaldean identity and health, and whether physical activity, access to healthcare, and depression mediate the relationship between educational attainment and health. Results indicate that while Arab/Chaldean Americans have poor health relative to non-Arab White Americans, these differences are largely explained by educational differences. Depression, access to healthcare, and physical activity mediate the relationship between socioeconomic status and health of Arab/Chaldean Americans. Keywords Arab Americans · Chaldean Americans · Physical health · Mental health · Structural equation models · BRFSS Background national levels . Due to data limitations, studies on Arabs/ Chaldeans are rarely able to explicitly consider pathways or Arab and Chaldean Americans are a growing population mechanisms that lead to poor health [5, 8–10].
Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 5, 2018
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