Small hepatitis B surface antigen interacts with and modulates enoyl–coenzyme A hydratase expression in hepatoma cells

Small hepatitis B surface antigen interacts with and modulates enoyl–coenzyme A hydratase... Enoyl–coenzyme A hydratase (ECHS1) is a key enzyme in the metabolism of fatty acids in mitochondria. We previously reported that hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) interacted with ECHS1 in a yeast two-hybrid system. In the current study, we further examined their interaction by using GST pull-down and co-immunoprecipitation assays. The results confirmed that small hepatitis B surface antigen (SHBs) interacted with ECHS1. Furthermore, confocal imaging showed that SHBs and ECHS1 co-localized in HepG2 cells. To clarify the biological function of the interaction, human hepatoma cell lines that transiently and stably expressed SHBs were generated. The expression of SHBs led to a significant decrease in ECHS1 protein levels. ECHS1 protein levels were reduced to 48.44 ± 7.12 % in Huh7 cells transiently expressing SHBs, and to 54.97 ± 3.54 % in HepG2 cells stably expressing SHBs. In conclusion, our findings suggest that SHBs interacts with ECHS1 and regulates ECHS1 protein levels in hepatoma cells. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Small hepatitis B surface antigen interacts with and modulates enoyl–coenzyme A hydratase expression in hepatoma cells

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Publisher
Springer Vienna
Copyright
Copyright © 2013 by Springer-Verlag Wien
Subject
Biomedicine; Virology; Medical Microbiology; Infectious Diseases
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-012-1581-7
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

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