Short and long sleep durations have been associated with inflammation and chronic diseases. To study the association between sleep duration/quality and HIV disease severity, a cross-sectional study was conducted in patients living with HIV (PLWHs) using self-administered questionnaires assessing total sleep time, insomnia (ICSD-3 criteria), and poor sleep quality (PSQI > 5). Multivariable logistic regression identified the factors associated with sleep disorders and with HIV features. 640 Parisian ambulatory PLWHs were included. The prevalence of insomnia was 50 and 68% of patients had a PSQI > 5. Patients with CD4 count < 500 cells/mm3 were more likely to be long sleepers (> 8 h/day) (OR 1.49; 95% CI [1.10–1.99]: p < 0.01), and less likely to be short sleepers (< 6 h/day) (OR 0.69; 95% CI[0.50–0.96]; p = 0.04) or to experience insomnia (OR 0.59; 95% CI[0.40–0.86]; p < 0.01). HIV features were not associated with a PSQI > 5. Thus, insomnia and impaired sleep quality were highly prevalent in well-controlled PLWHs and the severity of HIV infection was associated with long sleep times.
AIDS and Behavior – Springer Journals
Published: May 31, 2018
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