Curr Psychiatry Rep (2017) 19:71 DOI 10.1007/s11920-017-0827-1 DISASTER PSYCHIATRY: TRAUMA, PTSD, AND RELATED DISORDERS (MJ FRIEDMAN, SECTION EDITOR) 1,2 3 1,2 Katherine E. Miller & Janeese A. Brownlow & Steve Woodward & 3,4 Philip R. Gehrman Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017 Abstract these relationships and identify treatments most effective in Purpose of Review Sleep disturbances are core features of ameliorating symptoms. posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This review aims to . . . characterize sleep disturbances, summarize the knowledge re- Keywords Sleep disorders Insomnia Nightmares garding the relationships between trauma exposure and sleep Posttraumatic stress disorder Trauma difficulties, and highlight empirically supported and/or uti- lized treatments for trauma-related nightmares and insomnia. Recent Findings Trauma-related nightmares and insomnia, Introduction and other sleep disorders, are frequently reported among trau- ma survivors. The roles of fear of sleep, REM density, and Trauma-exposed populations report greater short- and long- decreased parasympathetic activity are beginning to inform term sleep impairment compared to the general population , the relationship between trauma exposure and sleep difficul- including difficulty falling asleep , engaging in atypical ties. Additionally, the potential adaptive role of sleep loss im- sleep disruptive behavior , frequent awakenings , and mediately following a traumatic experience
Current Psychiatry Reports – Springer Journals
Published: Aug 22, 2017
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