A new liquid crystal technique for full surface skin friction measurements is introduced. With the new technique, the transmission of light through nematic liquid crystal viewed in reflection provides a quantitative measurement of the skin friction. The measurement technique is discussed with the aid of a model which describes the rotation dynamics of the liquid crystal molecules. Calibration experiments performed in a laminar flow duct demonstrate that the model captures the essential physics of the new technique. The measurement of skin friction downstream of a three dimensional roughness element in an incompressible laminar boundary layer is then presented as a demonstration of the utility of the technique.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 1, 2000
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