Sink Effect of Cytokinin in Detached Leaves Is Not Caused by Structural Rearrangements of Phloem

Sink Effect of Cytokinin in Detached Leaves Is Not Caused by Structural Rearrangements of Phloem The sink effect of cytokinin is manifested as a decrease in source capacity and the induction of sink activity in the phytohormone-treated region of a mature excised leaf. In order to find out whether this effect was due to the direct action of cytokinin on the phloem structure, two types of phloem terminals were examined. In pumpkin (Cucurbita pepo L.) leaves, the phloem terminals are open; i.e., they are linked to mesophyll by numerous symplastic connections, which are located in narrow areas called plasmodesmal pit fields. In broad bean (Vicia faba L.) leaves, the phloem terminals belong to the closed type and have no symplastic links with mesophyll. The electron microscopic study of terminal phloem did not reveal any structural changes in the companion cells, which could account for the suppression of assimilate export. The treatment of leaves with cytokinin neither disturbed the structure of plasmodesmal pit fields in pumpkin leaves nor eliminated the wall protuberances (the ingrowths promoting phloem loading) in bean leaves. No evidence was obtained that the cytokinin-induced import of assimilates in mature leaves is caused by the recovery of meristematic activity, i.e., by either formation of new phloem terminals having immature sieve elements capable of unloading or by the development of new sieve elements within the existing veins. Cytokinin did not induce de novo formation of phloem elements. Structural characteristics of the leaf phloem, such as the number of branching orders in the venation pattern, the number of vein endings per areole, the number of areoles per leaf, the area of one areole, and the number of sieve elements per bundle remained unaltered. It is concluded that the sink effect of cytokinin in excised leaves cannot be determined by alteration of the phloem structure. Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Sink Effect of Cytokinin in Detached Leaves Is Not Caused by Structural Rearrangements of Phloem

Loading next page...
Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
Copyright © 2002 by MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica”
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial