Single nucleotide polymorphisms in caprine calpastatin gene

Single nucleotide polymorphisms in caprine calpastatin gene The calpains and calpastatin (CAST) make up a major cytosolic proteolytic system, the calpain-calpastatin system, found in mammalian tissues. The relative levels of the components of the calpain-calpastatin system determine the extent of meat tenderization during postmortem storage. Calpastatin (CAST) is a protein inhibitor of the ubiquitous calcium-dependent proteases, μ-calpain, and m-calpain. Polymorphisms in the bovine, ovine and pig CAST gene have been associated with meat tenderness but little is known about how caprine CAST gene may affect goat meat quality traits. In this study we selected different parts of the CAST gene: (1) that have been previously reported to be polymorphic, intron 5 and 12 and 3’UTR; (2) first time explored (exon 3, 7 and 8 and part of intron 7 and 8) to investigate polymorphic status of caprine CAST gene. Using comparative sequencing ten novel SNPs located in exon 3 and intron 5, 7 and 8 were identified. Previously reported SNPs in intron 5, 3’UTR and intron 12 were absent. Sequence analysis revealed a non synonymous amino acid variation in exon 3, which would result in Lys/Arg substitution in the corresponding protein sequence. Considerable variation was detected in intronic regions. Twenty-four InDel were also recognized in intronic regions (15) and 3’UTR (9). All the sequences shared high homology with published bovine and ovine sequences. Three PCR-RFLP loci have been established for further analyzing genetic polymorphism in indigenous goats. Russian Journal of Genetics Springer Journals

Single nucleotide polymorphisms in caprine calpastatin gene

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SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright © 2013 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Biomedicine; Human Genetics; Animal Genetics and Genomics; Microbial Genetics and Genomics
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