Egypt has the highest prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in the world. It has been suggested that not only the virus but also the interaction between the virus and the host immune system is important in determining the course of the infection and the response to interferon (IFN)-based therapy. While the adaptive immune system plays a critical role in HCV infection, the innate immune system has only been recognized recently. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) form the cornerstone of the innate immune response. Interleukin-10 (IL-10) is one of the upstream regulators of TLR4. A possible interplay between TLR4 and IL-10 has been suggested. The present study aimed to investigate the role of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in TLR4 and IL-10-1082 and the expression levels of these proteins in predicting the response to treatment in chronic HCV patients. A total of 83 chronic HCV-infected Egyptian patients treated with peg-IFN-α2b–ribavirin combination therapy and 40 healthy subjects were included in this study. SNPs in the TLR4 rs2149356 and IL-10-1082 genes and their serum levels were assessed. Within the responders group, T/T and A/A genotypes were the significantly most frequent genotypes of TLR4 and IL-10-1082, respectively. Moreover, a higher frequency of T/T and A/A was found to be associated with lower serum TLR4 and IL-10 levels in our responder patients. In addition, subjects with the T/T genotype in the healthy control group had a lower serum TLR4 level than those with other genotypes. We conclude that the SNPs TLR4 rs2149356-T/T and IL-10-1082-A/A may be important predictors for HCV therapy.
Archives of Virology – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 23, 2015
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera