Single-Channel Activities of the Human Epithelial Ca2+ Transport Proteins CaT1 and CaT2

Single-Channel Activities of the Human Epithelial Ca2+ Transport Proteins CaT1 and CaT2 The human epithelial channels, CaT1 and CaT2, were expressed in oocytes, and their single-channel characteristics were compared. In the presence of Na+ and K+ as charge carriers in the pipette solutions, channel activities were observed only when the the extracellular sides of the patches were exposed to nominally Ca2+- and Mg2+-free solutions. In patches of both CaT1- and CaT2-expressing oocytes, multiple channel openings were observed, but the current levels were higher in CaT2-expressing oocytes, particularly at more negative voltages. With K+ as a charge carrier in patches of CaT1-expressing oocytes, the channel activity was low at −10 to −60 mV, but increased dramatically at more negative potentials. This voltage dependence was observed in the presence of both Na+ and K+. The channel activity with Na+, however, was higher at all potentials. Differences between the voltage dependencies for the two cations were also observed in CaT2-expressing oocytes, but the channel activities were higher than those in CaT1-expressing oocytes, particularly in the presence of Na+. We also found that low concentrations of extracellular Mg2+ (5–50 μm) elicited a strong inhibitory action on the CaT channels. Activation of the CaT1 and CaT2 channels by hyperpolarization and other factors may promote increased Ca2+ entry that participates in stimulation of intestinal absorption and renal reabsorption and/or other Ca2+ transport mechanisms in epithelial cells. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Single-Channel Activities of the Human Epithelial Ca2+ Transport Proteins CaT1 and CaT2

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © Inc. by 2001 Springer-Verlag New York
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00232-001-0085-2
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The human epithelial channels, CaT1 and CaT2, were expressed in oocytes, and their single-channel characteristics were compared. In the presence of Na+ and K+ as charge carriers in the pipette solutions, channel activities were observed only when the the extracellular sides of the patches were exposed to nominally Ca2+- and Mg2+-free solutions. In patches of both CaT1- and CaT2-expressing oocytes, multiple channel openings were observed, but the current levels were higher in CaT2-expressing oocytes, particularly at more negative voltages. With K+ as a charge carrier in patches of CaT1-expressing oocytes, the channel activity was low at −10 to −60 mV, but increased dramatically at more negative potentials. This voltage dependence was observed in the presence of both Na+ and K+. The channel activity with Na+, however, was higher at all potentials. Differences between the voltage dependencies for the two cations were also observed in CaT2-expressing oocytes, but the channel activities were higher than those in CaT1-expressing oocytes, particularly in the presence of Na+. We also found that low concentrations of extracellular Mg2+ (5–50 μm) elicited a strong inhibitory action on the CaT channels. Activation of the CaT1 and CaT2 channels by hyperpolarization and other factors may promote increased Ca2+ entry that participates in stimulation of intestinal absorption and renal reabsorption and/or other Ca2+ transport mechanisms in epithelial cells.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Nov 15, 2001

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