Simultaneous velocity and concentration fields in a confined liquid-phase rectangular jet with a Reynolds number based on the hydraulic diameter of 50,000 (or 10,000 based on the velocity difference between streams and the jet exit dimension) and a Schmidt number of 1,250 were obtained by means of a combined particle image velocimetry (PIV) and planar laser-induced fluorescence (PLIF) system. Data were collected at the jet exit and six further downstream locations. The velocity and concentration field data were analyzed for flow statistics such as turbulent fluxes, turbulent viscosity and diffusivity, and turbulent Schmidt number (Sc T ). The streamwise turbulent flux was found to be larger than the transverse turbulent flux, and the mean concentration gradient was not aligned with the turbulent flux vector. The average Sc T was found to vary both in streamwise and in cross stream directions and had a mean value around 0.8, a value consistent with the literature. Spatial correlation fields of turbulent fluxes and concentration were then determined. The R u′ϕ′ correlation was elliptical in shape with a major axis tilted downward with respect to the streamwise axis, whereas the R v′ϕ′ correlation was an ellipse with a major axis aligned with the cross-stream direction. Negative regions of R u′ϕ′ were observed in the outer streams, and these negatively correlated regions decayed with downstream distance and finally disappeared altogether. The R ϕ′ϕ′ correlation field was found to be an ellipse with the major axis inclined at about 45° with respect to the streamwise direction. Linear stochastic estimation was used to interpret spatial correlation data and to determine conditional flow structures. It is believed that a vortex street formed near the splitter plate is responsible for the negatively correlated region observed in the R u′ϕ′ spatial correlations of turbulent fluxes. A positive concentration fluctuation event was observed to correspond to a finger of nearly uniform concentration fluid reaching out into the outer stream, whereas a negative event corresponds to a pocket of nearly uniform fluid being entrained from the outer stream into the center jet region. Large-scale vortical structures were observed in the conditional velocity fields with an elliptical shape and a streamwise major axis. The growth of the structure size increased linearly initially but then grew more slowly as the flow transitioned toward channel flow.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Apr 10, 2007
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