# Simultaneous power factorization in modules over Banach algebras

Simultaneous power factorization in modules over Banach algebras Let A be a Banach algebra with a bounded left approximate identity $$\{e_\lambda \}_{\lambda \in \Lambda }$$ { e λ } λ ∈ Λ , let $$\pi$$ π be a continuous representation of A on a Banach space X, and let S be a non-empty subset of X such that $$\lim _{\lambda }\pi (e_\lambda )s=s$$ lim λ π ( e λ ) s = s uniformly on S. If S is bounded, or if $$\{e_\lambda \}_{\lambda \in \Lambda }$$ { e λ } λ ∈ Λ is commutative, then we show that there exist $$a\in A$$ a ∈ A and maps $$x_n: S\rightarrow X$$ x n : S → X for $$n\ge 1$$ n ≥ 1 such that $$s=\pi (a^n)x_n(s)$$ s = π ( a n ) x n ( s ) for all $$n\ge 1$$ n ≥ 1 and $$s\in S$$ s ∈ S . The properties of $$a\in A$$ a ∈ A and the maps $$x_n$$ x n , as produced by the constructive proof, are studied in some detail. The results generalize previous simultaneous factorization theorems as well as Allan and Sinclair’s power factorization theorem. In an ordered context, we also consider the existence of a positive factorization for a subset of the positive cone of an ordered Banach space that is a positive module over an ordered Banach algebra with a positive bounded left approximate identity. Such factorizations are not always possible. In certain cases, including those for positive modules over ordered Banach algebras of bounded functions, such positive factorizations exist, but the general picture is still unclear. Furthermore, simultaneous pointwise power factorizations for sets of bounded maps with values in a Banach module (such as sets of bounded convergent nets) are obtained. A worked example for the left regular representation of $$\mathrm {C}_0({\mathbb R})$$ C 0 ( R ) and unbounded S is included. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Positivity Springer Journals

# Simultaneous power factorization in modules over Banach algebras

Positivity, Volume 21 (2) – Nov 23, 2016
40 pages

/lp/springer_journal/simultaneous-power-factorization-in-modules-over-banach-algebras-p0JiX1DakW
Publisher
Springer Journals
Subject
Mathematics; Fourier Analysis; Operator Theory; Potential Theory; Calculus of Variations and Optimal Control; Optimization; Econometrics
ISSN
1385-1292
eISSN
1572-9281
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11117-016-0457-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

### Abstract

Let A be a Banach algebra with a bounded left approximate identity $$\{e_\lambda \}_{\lambda \in \Lambda }$$ { e λ } λ ∈ Λ , let $$\pi$$ π be a continuous representation of A on a Banach space X, and let S be a non-empty subset of X such that $$\lim _{\lambda }\pi (e_\lambda )s=s$$ lim λ π ( e λ ) s = s uniformly on S. If S is bounded, or if $$\{e_\lambda \}_{\lambda \in \Lambda }$$ { e λ } λ ∈ Λ is commutative, then we show that there exist $$a\in A$$ a ∈ A and maps $$x_n: S\rightarrow X$$ x n : S → X for $$n\ge 1$$ n ≥ 1 such that $$s=\pi (a^n)x_n(s)$$ s = π ( a n ) x n ( s ) for all $$n\ge 1$$ n ≥ 1 and $$s\in S$$ s ∈ S . The properties of $$a\in A$$ a ∈ A and the maps $$x_n$$ x n , as produced by the constructive proof, are studied in some detail. The results generalize previous simultaneous factorization theorems as well as Allan and Sinclair’s power factorization theorem. In an ordered context, we also consider the existence of a positive factorization for a subset of the positive cone of an ordered Banach space that is a positive module over an ordered Banach algebra with a positive bounded left approximate identity. Such factorizations are not always possible. In certain cases, including those for positive modules over ordered Banach algebras of bounded functions, such positive factorizations exist, but the general picture is still unclear. Furthermore, simultaneous pointwise power factorizations for sets of bounded maps with values in a Banach module (such as sets of bounded convergent nets) are obtained. A worked example for the left regular representation of $$\mathrm {C}_0({\mathbb R})$$ C 0 ( R ) and unbounded S is included.

### Journal

PositivitySpringer Journals

Published: Nov 23, 2016

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