Simultaneous measurements of velocity and temperature fluctuations in thermal boundary layer in a drag-reducing surfactant solution flow

Simultaneous measurements of velocity and temperature fluctuations in thermal boundary layer in a... The mechanism of turbulent heat transfer in the thermal boundary layer developing in the channel flow of a drag-reducing surfactant solution was studied experimentally. A two-component laser Doppler velocimetry and a fine-wire thermocouple probe were used to measure the velocity and temperature fluctuations simultaneously. Two layers of thermal field were found: a high heat resistance layer with a high temperature gradient, and a layer with a small or even zero temperature gradient. The peak value of % MathType!Translator!2!1!AMS LaTeX.tdl!TeX -- AMS-LaTeX! <![CDATA[% MathType!MTEF!2!1!+- % feaafeart1ev1aaatCvAUfeBSn0BKvguHDwzZbqefeKCPfgBGuLBPn % 2BKvginnfarmWu51MyVXgatuuDJXwAK1uy0HwmaeHbfv3ySLgzG0uy % 0Hgip5wzaebbnrfifHhDYfgasaacH8qrps0lbbf9q8WrFfeuY-Hhbb % f9v8qqaqFr0xc9pk0xbba9q8WqFfea0-yr0RYxir-Jbba9q8aq0-yq % -He9q8qqQ8frFve9Fve9Ff0dmeaabaqaciGacaGaaeqabaWaaeqaea % aakeaadaqdaaqaaiaadwhadaahaaWcbeqaaiabgUcaRaaakiabeI7a % XnaaCaaaleqabaGaey4kaScaaaaaaaa!3E3F! $$ \overline{{u^{ + } \theta ^{ + } }} $$ was larger for the flow with the drag-reducing additives than for the Newtonian flow, and the peak location was away from the wall. The profile of % MathType!Translator!2!1!AMS LaTeX.tdl!TeX -- AMS-LaTeX! <![CDATA[% MathType!MTEF!2!1!+- % feaafeart1ev1aaatCvAUfeBSn0BKvguHDwzZbqefeKCPfgBGuLBPn % 2BKvginnfarmWu51MyVXgatuuDJXwAK1uy0HwmaeHbfv3ySLgzG0uy % 0Hgip5wzaebbnrfifHhDYfgasaacH8qrps0lbbf9q8WrFfeuY-Hhbb % f9v8qqaqFr0xc9pk0xbba9q8WqFfea0-yr0RYxir-Jbba9q8aq0-yq % -He9q8qqQ8frFve9Fve9Ff0dmeaabaqaciGacaGaaeqabaWaaeWaea % aakeaacqGHsisldaqdaaqaaiaadAhadaahaaWcbeqaaiabgUcaRaaa % kiabeI7aXnaaCaaaleqabaGaey4kaScaaaaaaaa!3F2F! $$ - \overline{{v^{ + } \theta ^{ + } }} $$ was depressed in a similar manner to the depression of the profile of % MathType!Translator!2!1!AMS LaTeX.tdl!TeX -- AMS-LaTeX! <![CDATA[% MathType!MTEF!2!1!+- % feaafeart1ev1aaatCvAUfeBSn0BKvguHDwzZbqefeKCPfgBGuLBPn % 2BKvginnfarmWu51MyVXgatuuDJXwAK1uy0HwmaeHbfv3ySLgzG0uy % 0Hgip5wzaebbnrfifHhDYfgasaacH8qrps0lbbf9q8WrFfeuY-Hhbb % f9v8qqaqFr0xc9pk0xbba9q8WqFfea0-yr0RYxir-Jbba9q8aq0-yq % -He9q8qqQ8frFve9Fve9Ff0dmeaabaqaciGacaGaaeqabaWaaeWaea % aakeaacqGHsisldaqdaaqaaiaadwhadaahaaWcbeqaaiabgUcaRaaa % kiaadAhadaahaaWcbeqaaiabgUcaRaaaaaaaaa!3E73! $$ - \overline{{u^{ + } v^{ + } }} $$ in the flow of the surfactant solution, i.e., decorrelation between v and θ compared with decorrelation between u and v. The depression of the Reynolds shear stress resulted in drag reduction; similarly, it was conjectured that the heat transfer reduction is due to the decrease in the turbulent heat flux in the wall-normal direction for a flow with drag-reducing surfactant additives. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Experiments in Fluids Springer Journals

Simultaneous measurements of velocity and temperature fluctuations in thermal boundary layer in a drag-reducing surfactant solution flow

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2004 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Engineering
ISSN
0723-4864
eISSN
1432-1114
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00348-003-0687-9
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The mechanism of turbulent heat transfer in the thermal boundary layer developing in the channel flow of a drag-reducing surfactant solution was studied experimentally. A two-component laser Doppler velocimetry and a fine-wire thermocouple probe were used to measure the velocity and temperature fluctuations simultaneously. Two layers of thermal field were found: a high heat resistance layer with a high temperature gradient, and a layer with a small or even zero temperature gradient. The peak value of % MathType!Translator!2!1!AMS LaTeX.tdl!TeX -- AMS-LaTeX! <![CDATA[% MathType!MTEF!2!1!+- % feaafeart1ev1aaatCvAUfeBSn0BKvguHDwzZbqefeKCPfgBGuLBPn % 2BKvginnfarmWu51MyVXgatuuDJXwAK1uy0HwmaeHbfv3ySLgzG0uy % 0Hgip5wzaebbnrfifHhDYfgasaacH8qrps0lbbf9q8WrFfeuY-Hhbb % f9v8qqaqFr0xc9pk0xbba9q8WqFfea0-yr0RYxir-Jbba9q8aq0-yq % -He9q8qqQ8frFve9Fve9Ff0dmeaabaqaciGacaGaaeqabaWaaeqaea % aakeaadaqdaaqaaiaadwhadaahaaWcbeqaaiabgUcaRaaakiabeI7a % XnaaCaaaleqabaGaey4kaScaaaaaaaa!3E3F! $$ \overline{{u^{ + } \theta ^{ + } }} $$ was larger for the flow with the drag-reducing additives than for the Newtonian flow, and the peak location was away from the wall. The profile of % MathType!Translator!2!1!AMS LaTeX.tdl!TeX -- AMS-LaTeX! <![CDATA[% MathType!MTEF!2!1!+- % feaafeart1ev1aaatCvAUfeBSn0BKvguHDwzZbqefeKCPfgBGuLBPn % 2BKvginnfarmWu51MyVXgatuuDJXwAK1uy0HwmaeHbfv3ySLgzG0uy % 0Hgip5wzaebbnrfifHhDYfgasaacH8qrps0lbbf9q8WrFfeuY-Hhbb % f9v8qqaqFr0xc9pk0xbba9q8WqFfea0-yr0RYxir-Jbba9q8aq0-yq % -He9q8qqQ8frFve9Fve9Ff0dmeaabaqaciGacaGaaeqabaWaaeWaea % aakeaacqGHsisldaqdaaqaaiaadAhadaahaaWcbeqaaiabgUcaRaaa % kiabeI7aXnaaCaaaleqabaGaey4kaScaaaaaaaa!3F2F! $$ - \overline{{v^{ + } \theta ^{ + } }} $$ was depressed in a similar manner to the depression of the profile of % MathType!Translator!2!1!AMS LaTeX.tdl!TeX -- AMS-LaTeX! <![CDATA[% MathType!MTEF!2!1!+- % feaafeart1ev1aaatCvAUfeBSn0BKvguHDwzZbqefeKCPfgBGuLBPn % 2BKvginnfarmWu51MyVXgatuuDJXwAK1uy0HwmaeHbfv3ySLgzG0uy % 0Hgip5wzaebbnrfifHhDYfgasaacH8qrps0lbbf9q8WrFfeuY-Hhbb % f9v8qqaqFr0xc9pk0xbba9q8WqFfea0-yr0RYxir-Jbba9q8aq0-yq % -He9q8qqQ8frFve9Fve9Ff0dmeaabaqaciGacaGaaeqabaWaaeWaea % aakeaacqGHsisldaqdaaqaaiaadwhadaahaaWcbeqaaiabgUcaRaaa % kiaadAhadaahaaWcbeqaaiabgUcaRaaaaaaaaa!3E73! $$ - \overline{{u^{ + } v^{ + } }} $$ in the flow of the surfactant solution, i.e., decorrelation between v and θ compared with decorrelation between u and v. The depression of the Reynolds shear stress resulted in drag reduction; similarly, it was conjectured that the heat transfer reduction is due to the decrease in the turbulent heat flux in the wall-normal direction for a flow with drag-reducing surfactant additives.

Journal

Experiments in FluidsSpringer Journals

Published: Nov 11, 2003

References

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