A variant of the particle image velocimetry (PIV) technique is described for measuring velocity and density simultaneously in a turbulent Rayleigh–Taylor mixing layer. The velocity field is computed by the usual PIV technique of cross-correlating two consecutive images, and deducing particle displacements from correlation peaks of intensity fields. Different concentrations of seed particles are used in the two streams of different temperature (density) fluids, and a local measure of the density is obtained by spatially averaging over an interrogation window. Good agreement is reported between the first- and second-order statistics for density obtained from this technique and from a thermocouple. Velocity–density correlations computed by cross-correlating individual time series are presented. The errors in the density measurements are quantified and analyzed, and the issue of spatial resolution is also discussed. Our purpose for this paper is to introduce the PIV-S method and validate its accuracy against corresponding thermocouple measurements.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 30, 2003
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