POINTS OF VIEW
``Simultaneous and complementary advances'':
mid-century expectations of the interaction of
®sheries science and management
TIM D. SMITH
Northeast Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, Woods Hole, MA, USA.
The simultaneous development of ®sheries science and ®sheries management that Ray
Beverton and Sydney Holt envisioned in 1957 is argued not to have occurred over the
past 40 years. The causes of the many failures of ®sheries management have been too
frequently a matter of informal debate, and almost never a matter of scienti®c testing of
hypotheses. A broader scope for ®sheries science is suggested that would be required as a
basis for testing hypotheses about the causes of the failure of ``simultaneous and
complementary advances'' of the science and management of ®sheries. The history of the
science and management of the International Whaling Commission is used as an example
of the scienti®c scope required to adequately test hypothesized causes of the failures of
®sheries management, and to emphasize the relevance of such testing to evaluating the
likely success of current management proposals.
Keywords: bioeconomics, ®sheries management, ®sheries science, ®sheries regulation, International
Whaling Commission, resource management, whales
Raymond Berverton and Sidney Holt ended their pivotal mid-century monograph On the
Dynamics of Exploited Fish Populations (1957) with optimisitic expectations for the
interaction between the science and management of ®sheries:
Yet it is the changes produced in the ®sheries by the regulations themselvesFFF that provide the
opportunity of obtaining, by research, just the information that may have been lacking previously.
Thus the approach towards optimum ®shing, and the increase in knowledge of where the optimum
lies, can be two simultaneous and complementary advances; the bene®ts to the ®sheries of such
progress can hardly be exaggerated.
Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 8, 335±348 (1998)
0960±3166 # 1998 Chapman & Hall
The views presented here are those of the author, and do not represent those of the National Marine Fisheries