A new diagnostic has been developed that is capable of obtaining simultaneous two-phase velocity measurements in a gasoline direct-injection fuel spray. This technique utilizes a two-laser (double-pulse) two-camera (double-frame) setup to simultaneously image the injected fuel and entrained air to determine the 2D velocity vector fields of both phases using cross-correlation particle image velocimetry (PIV). The air phase is visualized through fluorescence from seeding particles introduced into the static measurement volume while Mie scattering signals are collected from the fuel droplets. The combination of different laser wavelengths and a spectral signal shift for the air phase allows spectral separation of the signals. Independent timing of the laser pulses permits optimized adaptation of the velocity dynamic range for the two phases to account for the large difference in velocities between air and fuel droplets.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 18, 2003
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