Recombinant Congenic strains (RC strains) were developed to facilitate mapping of genes influencing complex traits controlled by multiple genes. They were produced by inbreeding of the progeny derived from a second backcross from a common ‘donor’ inbred strain to a common ‘background’ inbred strain. Each RC strain contains a random subset of approximately 12.5% of genes from the donor strain and 87.5% of genes from the background strain. In this way the genetic control of a complex disease may be dissected into its individual components. We simulated the production of the RC strains to study to what extent they have to be characterized in order to obtain sufficient information about the distribution of the parental strains’ genomes in these strains and to acquire insight into parameters influencing their effectiveness in mapping quantitative trait loci (QTLs). The donor strain genome in the RC strains is fragmented into many segments. Genetic characterization of these strains with one polymorphic marker per 3.3 centiMorgans (cM) is needed to detect 95% of the donor strain genome. The probability of a donor strain segment being located entirely in between two markers of background strain origin that are 3 cM apart (and hence escaping detection) is 0.003. Although the donor strain genome in the RC strains is split into many segments, the largest part still occurs in relatively long stretches that are mostly concentrated in fewer than 13 autosomes, the median being 9 autosomes. Thus, in mapping QTLs, the use of RC strains facilitates the detection of linkage.
Mammalian Genome – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 21, 2009
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