Using a three-dimensional nonlinear mathematical model, we study the processes of transfer and diffusion of contaminants in the Sea of Azov in the presence of stationary currents. Changes in the sea level, surge phenomena, and the direction and velocity of stationary currents caused by winds with different maximum velocities are analyzed. We estimate the region of applicability of the linear approximation and the choice of the value of integration steps over space and time coordinates. It is shown that the growth of the maximum wind velocity increases the contaminated domains and the time of complete dispersion of the admixture. Solutions obtained in the linear approximation differ slightly from those obtained by using the nonlinear model for wind velocities up to 5 m/sec.
Physical Oceanography – Springer Journals
Published: Dec 16, 2008
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