Sigma factor RpoN employs a dual transcriptional regulation for controlling twitching motility and biofilm formation in Lysobacter enzymogenes OH11

Sigma factor RpoN employs a dual transcriptional regulation for controlling twitching motility... Lysobacter is a Gram-negative genus comprising a group of environmental bacteria with abilities to produce abundant novel antibiotics, as well as adopting a unique type IV pilus (T4P)-mediated twitching motility (TM) that remains poorly understood. Here, we employ L. enzymogenes OH11 exhibiting significant antifungal activity as a working model to address this issue. Via mutating the 28 potential sigma factors in strain OH11, we have identified one protein RpoNOH11 (sigma 54) that is indispensable for T4P formation and TM. We further showed that RpoNOH11 not only regulates the transcription of pilA, but also another crucial gene chpA that encodes a hybrid two-component transduction system. The L. enzymogenes RpoNOH11 was found to directly bind to the promoter of chpA to control its transcription, which is found to be essential for the T4P-mediated TM. To our knowledge, such a transcriptional regulation performed by RpoN in control of bacterial TM has never been reported. Finally, we showed that L. enzymogenes OH11 could also produce biofilm that is likely employed by this strain to infect fungal pathogens. Mutation of rpoN OH11, pilA and chpA all led to a significant decrease in biofilm formation, suggesting that the dual transcriptional regulation of pilA and chpA by RpoNOH11 plays a key role for RpoNOH11 to modulate the biofilm formation in L. enzymogenes. Overall, this study identified chpA as a new target of RpoN for controlling the T4P-mediated twitching motility and biofilm formation in L. enzymogenes OH11. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Current Genetics Springer Journals

Sigma factor RpoN employs a dual transcriptional regulation for controlling twitching motility and biofilm formation in Lysobacter enzymogenes OH11

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/sigma-factor-rpon-employs-a-dual-transcriptional-regulation-for-axayFQWCO0
Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany
Subject
Life Sciences; Microbial Genetics and Genomics; Microbiology; Biochemistry, general; Cell Biology; Plant Sciences; Proteomics
ISSN
0172-8083
eISSN
1432-0983
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00294-017-0770-z
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Lysobacter is a Gram-negative genus comprising a group of environmental bacteria with abilities to produce abundant novel antibiotics, as well as adopting a unique type IV pilus (T4P)-mediated twitching motility (TM) that remains poorly understood. Here, we employ L. enzymogenes OH11 exhibiting significant antifungal activity as a working model to address this issue. Via mutating the 28 potential sigma factors in strain OH11, we have identified one protein RpoNOH11 (sigma 54) that is indispensable for T4P formation and TM. We further showed that RpoNOH11 not only regulates the transcription of pilA, but also another crucial gene chpA that encodes a hybrid two-component transduction system. The L. enzymogenes RpoNOH11 was found to directly bind to the promoter of chpA to control its transcription, which is found to be essential for the T4P-mediated TM. To our knowledge, such a transcriptional regulation performed by RpoN in control of bacterial TM has never been reported. Finally, we showed that L. enzymogenes OH11 could also produce biofilm that is likely employed by this strain to infect fungal pathogens. Mutation of rpoN OH11, pilA and chpA all led to a significant decrease in biofilm formation, suggesting that the dual transcriptional regulation of pilA and chpA by RpoNOH11 plays a key role for RpoNOH11 to modulate the biofilm formation in L. enzymogenes. Overall, this study identified chpA as a new target of RpoN for controlling the T4P-mediated twitching motility and biofilm formation in L. enzymogenes OH11.

Journal

Current GeneticsSpringer Journals

Published: Oct 24, 2017

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches

$49/month

Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.

$588

$360/year

billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial