Short Bowel Syndrome: An Uncommon Clinical Entity and a Therapeutic Challenge—Our Experience and Review of Literature

Short Bowel Syndrome: An Uncommon Clinical Entity and a Therapeutic Challenge—Our Experience... Short bowel syndrome (SBS), one of the commonest types of intestinal failure, usually secondary to extensive bowel resection, traditionally has been associated with a high mortality rate and hence a big challenge for the treating surgeons. It requires comprehensive clinical care to minimise the morbidities and mortality associated with the condition. We report a retrospective review of a series of seven patients with SBS, who presented at our surgical emergency within a period of 1 year and their outcome so as to encourage others in managing such a challenge with more positive mindsets. A retrospective analysis of seven patients with SBS admitted from January 2014 to January 2015 with a follow-up of 1 year has been done in terms of their demographic characteristics, underlying pathology and clinical outcome. A rising incidence of SBS in the younger age group (71.4%) has been observed in this analysis. Majority of patients (57.1%) had mesenteric ischemia as the underlying cause followed by each case of small bowel volvulus, internal herniation and blunt trauma abdomen. A discharge rate of 71.4% and mortality rate of 28.5% were observed. With this analysis, we believe that SBS is no more an uncommon condition. A structured clinical approach, timely surgical intervention and multidisciplinary postoperative management are essential for managing such frail patients to achieve best possible results. This will encourage others in managing such a critically challenged condition with a more positive approach and thus beneficial for both the patients and the treating surgeon. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Indian Journal of Surgery Springer Journals

Short Bowel Syndrome: An Uncommon Clinical Entity and a Therapeutic Challenge—Our Experience and Review of Literature

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Publisher
Springer India
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Association of Surgeons of India
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Surgery; Pediatric Surgery; Neurosurgery; Plastic Surgery; Cardiac Surgery; Thoracic Surgery
ISSN
0972-2068
eISSN
0973-9793
D.O.I.
10.1007/s12262-017-1651-x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Short bowel syndrome (SBS), one of the commonest types of intestinal failure, usually secondary to extensive bowel resection, traditionally has been associated with a high mortality rate and hence a big challenge for the treating surgeons. It requires comprehensive clinical care to minimise the morbidities and mortality associated with the condition. We report a retrospective review of a series of seven patients with SBS, who presented at our surgical emergency within a period of 1 year and their outcome so as to encourage others in managing such a challenge with more positive mindsets. A retrospective analysis of seven patients with SBS admitted from January 2014 to January 2015 with a follow-up of 1 year has been done in terms of their demographic characteristics, underlying pathology and clinical outcome. A rising incidence of SBS in the younger age group (71.4%) has been observed in this analysis. Majority of patients (57.1%) had mesenteric ischemia as the underlying cause followed by each case of small bowel volvulus, internal herniation and blunt trauma abdomen. A discharge rate of 71.4% and mortality rate of 28.5% were observed. With this analysis, we believe that SBS is no more an uncommon condition. A structured clinical approach, timely surgical intervention and multidisciplinary postoperative management are essential for managing such frail patients to achieve best possible results. This will encourage others in managing such a critically challenged condition with a more positive approach and thus beneficial for both the patients and the treating surgeon.

Journal

Indian Journal of SurgerySpringer Journals

Published: May 11, 2017

References

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