Shock train generated turbulence inside a nozzle with a small opening angle

Shock train generated turbulence inside a nozzle with a small opening angle The flow inside an over expanding rectangular nozzle with a small opening angle of 1.6° is investigated by means of high-speed schlieren and shadowgraph photography, pressure probes and hot-wire anemometry on the nozzle centre line in order to measure the turbulent fluctuations generated by the occurring shock wave/boundary layer interaction. Additionally, an optical shock capturing tool is deployed to measure the amplitude and frequency of the shock train oscillation. Varying the back pressure, the pre-shock Mach number is changed between Ma 1 = 1.1 and 2.1. Two different modes of turbulence generation and distribution are detected. For a single normal shock and a normal shock train, the normal Reynolds stress $$ \overline{{u^{\prime 2} }} $$ on the channel axis is only slightly increased compared to the free stream value, whereas for the cases of a lambda foot shock train and an x-type shock train, a strong intensification by forming a turbulent mixing zone can be observed. Experiments in Fluids Springer Journals

Shock train generated turbulence inside a nozzle with a small opening angle

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Copyright © 2011 by Springer-Verlag
Engineering; Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer; Engineering Fluid Dynamics; Fluid- and Aerodynamics
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