Massive corticothalamic afferents originating from layer 6a of primary sensory cortical areas modulate sensory responsiveness of thalamocortical neurons and are pivotal for shifting neuronal firing between burst and tonic modes. The influence of the corticothalamic pathways on the firing mode and sensory gain of thalamic neurons has only been extensively examined in anesthetized animals, but has yet to be established in the awake state. We made lesions of the rat barrel cortex and on the following day recorded responses of single thalamocortical and thalamic reticular neurons to a single vibrissal deflection in the somatosensory system during wakefulness. Our results showed that the cortical lesions shifted the response of thalamic neurons towards bursting, elevated the response probability and the gain of thalamocortical neurons, predominantly of recurring responses. In addition, after the lesions, the spontaneous activities of the vibrissa-responsive thalamic neurons, but not those of vibrissa-unresponsive cells, were typified by waxing-and-waning spindle-like rhythmic spiking with frequent bursting. In awake rats with intact cortex, identified layer 6a corticothalamic neurons responded to a single vibrissal deflection with short latencies that matched those of layer 4 neurons, strongly suggesting the existence of an immediate corticothalamic feedback. The present results show the importance of corticothalamic neurons in shaping thalamic activities during wakefulness.
Brain Structure and Function – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 9, 2017
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera