Long-term changes in the sex ratio have been studied in pink salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha and chum salmon (O. keta) populations of Kamchatka and Sakhalin. It has been demonstrated that these changes are an adaptation to population dynamics: an increase in the population size is accompanied by a shift towards a higher proportion of males; a decrease in population size, by a shift towards a higher proportion of females. The correspondence between morphological and molecular characters in populations of the two species has been analyzed in order to determine the mechanism of sex ratio control. In some pink salmon and chum salmon populations, there is a discrepancy between sex identifications based on morphological characters and molecular markers. This discrepancy is assumed to be accounted for by sex inversion mechanisms, which may be population-or region-specific. In two cases, it has been found that the sex ratio discrepancy in populations is related to the numbers of fish in subsequent generations. These findings suggest that sex inversion may be related to population size control.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 24, 2008
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