Sex ratio control in pink salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha and chum salmon (O. keta) populations: The possible causes and mechanisms of changes in the sex ratio

Sex ratio control in pink salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha and chum salmon (O. keta) populations:... Long-term changes in the sex ratio have been studied in pink salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha and chum salmon (O. keta) populations of Kamchatka and Sakhalin. It has been demonstrated that these changes are an adaptation to population dynamics: an increase in the population size is accompanied by a shift towards a higher proportion of males; a decrease in population size, by a shift towards a higher proportion of females. The correspondence between morphological and molecular characters in populations of the two species has been analyzed in order to determine the mechanism of sex ratio control. In some pink salmon and chum salmon populations, there is a discrepancy between sex identifications based on morphological characters and molecular markers. This discrepancy is assumed to be accounted for by sex inversion mechanisms, which may be population-or region-specific. In two cases, it has been found that the sex ratio discrepancy in populations is related to the numbers of fish in subsequent generations. These findings suggest that sex inversion may be related to population size control. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Genetics Springer Journals

Sex ratio control in pink salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha and chum salmon (O. keta) populations: The possible causes and mechanisms of changes in the sex ratio

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Publisher
SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright
Copyright © 2008 by MAIK Nauka
Subject
Biomedicine; Microbial Genetics and Genomics; Animal Genetics and Genomics; Human Genetics
ISSN
1022-7954
eISSN
1608-3369
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1022795408070053
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Long-term changes in the sex ratio have been studied in pink salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha and chum salmon (O. keta) populations of Kamchatka and Sakhalin. It has been demonstrated that these changes are an adaptation to population dynamics: an increase in the population size is accompanied by a shift towards a higher proportion of males; a decrease in population size, by a shift towards a higher proportion of females. The correspondence between morphological and molecular characters in populations of the two species has been analyzed in order to determine the mechanism of sex ratio control. In some pink salmon and chum salmon populations, there is a discrepancy between sex identifications based on morphological characters and molecular markers. This discrepancy is assumed to be accounted for by sex inversion mechanisms, which may be population-or region-specific. In two cases, it has been found that the sex ratio discrepancy in populations is related to the numbers of fish in subsequent generations. These findings suggest that sex inversion may be related to population size control.

Journal

Russian Journal of GeneticsSpringer Journals

Published: Jul 24, 2008

References

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