Russian Journal of Developmental Biology, Vol. 35, No. 6, 2004, p. 345. Translated from Ontogenez, Vol. 35, No. 6, 2004, p. 424. Original Russian Text Copyright © 2004 by the Editorial Board. TO THE CENTENARY OF BORIS L. ASTAUROV The 3rd Congress of the Vavilov Society of Genetics became classic and were included in textbooks and and Selectionists “Genetics in the 21st Century: Cur- manuals on genetics, cytogenetics, and general biology. rent State and Perspectives of Development” was held While dealing with these, seemingly, very speciﬁc in Moscow on June 6–12, 2004. problems, Astaurov remained a scientist of wide proﬁle The memorial session dedicated to the centenary of and was solving essential general biological problems. Academician Boris L. Astaurov, the ﬁrst president of He continued the line, from which he had begun his sci- the Vavilov Society, was organized within the frame- entiﬁc activity, and namely: studies of phenogenetics of work of the congress. It was chaired by Academician ontogenesis. In 1967, he organized the Institute of S.G. Inge-Vechtomov. At this session, the paper “Aca- Developmental Biology aimed at studying the patterns demician Boris L. Astaurov—an Outstanding Scientist of development and the role of hereditary factors in and Citizen” was presented by N.P. Bochkov, member development. Already after Astaurov’s death, the Insti- of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences. tute was given the name of Nikolai K. Kol’tsov, the ﬁrst and main teacher of Astaurov. In this way, the time link In his paper, N.P. Bochkov noted that B.L. Astaurov was restored and the principles laid down by made a great contribution to the development of Soviet N.K. Kol’tsov for the Institute of Experimental Biology genetics and cytogenetics and to the solution of funda- received further development. mental problems of current biology. In his paper, N.P. Bochkov stressed also that Astau- While being a student and then a postgraduate stu- rov lived at the time difﬁcult for biology and also for dent, Astaurov gave his mind to studies of animal Russia, when the accepted moral norms were deﬁed genetics in the laboratory of S.S. Chetverikov at the Institute of Experimental Biology headed by and when the man should have a great courage to N.K. Kol’tsov. He took part in the common laboratory remain just a decent man. Despite all this, Astaurov was not only the man of honor but also left behind classical work on evolutionary genetics and carried out some works on experimental biology and genetics, which did very important investigation on phenogenetics of not lose their theoretical and practical signiﬁcance to Drosophila. He was one of the founders of this trend in contemporary genetics. present day. He fought with ardor for restoration of genetics after the dark Lysenkoist period, took part in Astaurov’s studies were carried on the silkworm and the organization of the Society of Geneticists and they brought Astaurov an international reputation. Selectionists, and became its ﬁrst president in 1966. Development of the methods of artiﬁcial parthenogen- esis and androgenesis allowed Astaurov, ﬁrst in the Astaurov was greatly respected not only in this world, to solve the important problem of genetics and country, but also abroad for his sense of responsibility selection, sex regulation in animals. He also used these for the fate of Russian science, public spirit, and great methods for raising unique nucleocytoplasmic and, contribution to international cooperation. Astaurov had ﬁnally, tetraploid hybrids of silkworm capable of repro- a great erudition, faultless honesty, goodwill, and ducing in a series of generation. Many of these studies charm, which attracted people to him. 1062-3604/04/3506-0345 © 2004 MAIK “Nauka / Interperiodica”
Russian Journal of Developmental Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Dec 27, 2004
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