Mammalian epidermis is a stratified epithelium that serves as a barrier protecting the organism from mechanical stress and dehydration. Previous studies have demonstrated the importance of the actin cytoskeleton in the establishment of a functional skin epithelium. Despite what is known about the actin cytoskeleton in epithelial sheet formation, the molecules important for controlling the actin cytoskeleton during epidermal development have not been determined. Serum response factor (SRF) is a transcription factor that is considered to be an important regulator of the actin cytoskeleton. To examine the role of SRF in the developing mouse epidermis, we have employed gene targeting to ablate Srf in keratinocytes. Conditional inactivation of Srf during the embryonic timepoint leads to a defect in the organization of the epidermis. Immunohistochemical analyses demonstrated a marked loss of the filamentous actin cytoskeleton and E-cadherin localization in epidermis, as well as an aberration in the localization of tight junction proteins. Moreover, impairment of the “inside-out” epidermal barrier was shown. Srf conditional knockout keratinocytes are unable to establish proper intercellular connections or form an epithelial sheet as shown by histological examination and induced keratinocyte differentiation experiments. Our results demonstrate that Srf is essential for the actin-mediated sealing of epithelial cell-cell contacts and the development of functional stratified skin epithelium in vivo.
Mammalian Genome – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 3, 2010
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera