Serum levels of IL-8, IFNγ, IL-10, and TGF β and their gene expression levels in severe and non-severe cases of dengue virus infection

Serum levels of IL-8, IFNγ, IL-10, and TGF β and their gene expression levels in severe and... Increased serum and mRNA levels of cytokines in patients with dengue virus (DV) infection suggest that cytokines are one of the key factors in the pathogenesis of disease caused by this virus. Here, we tested 211 serum and 56 mRNA samples from an equal number of dengue cases to determine the levels of interleukin-8 (IL-8), interferon gamma (IFN-γ), interleukin-10 (IL-10) and transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β). A total 70 serum and 15 mRNA samples from healthy individual were also tested for cytokines and served as controls. Serum and mRNA levels of IL-8 were highest in the earlier days of dengue infection. IFNγ levels peaked one or two days before defervescence. Levels of IL-10 and TGF-β were highest later in dengue infection, and TGF-β levels peaked on the day of defervescence. Mean levels of IFNγ, TGF β and IL-10 were higher in samples from dengue cases, irrespective of severity, than in healthy controls. In contrast, the level of IL-8 was significantly higher in samples from severe dengue cases and lower in cases of dengue without warning signs than in healthy controls. Children (82.2 % of 101 paediatric cases) commonly had severe dengue illness. Samples that were positive for anti-DV IgG antibody had higher levels of IL-8 and TGF β. DV-2 infections were associated with severe dengue illness. IL-8 and IFNγ levels were higher in the presence of warning signs of severe dengue. Levels of IL-8, IL-10 and TGF β were independently associated with disease outcome. These data provide evidence of an association of IL-8, IFNγ, TGF β and IL-10 levels with the severity of dengue illness. Especially, IL-8 levels can be used as a predictor of severe DV infection. Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Serum levels of IL-8, IFNγ, IL-10, and TGF β and their gene expression levels in severe and non-severe cases of dengue virus infection

Loading next page...
Springer Vienna
Copyright © 2015 by Springer-Verlag Wien
Biomedicine; Virology; Medical Microbiology; Infectious Diseases
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


  • Role of T cells, cytokines and antibody in dengue fever and dengue haemorrhagic fever
    Fink, J; Gu, F; Vasudevan, SG

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial