Serotonergic Agonists Inhibit Calcium-Activated Potassium and Voltage-Dependent Sodium Currents in Rat Taste Receptor Cells

Serotonergic Agonists Inhibit Calcium-Activated Potassium and Voltage-Dependent Sodium Currents... Recently we reported that rat taste receptor cells respond to the neurotransmitter serotonin with an inhibition of a calcium-activated potassium current [17]. In the present study, this observation is confirmed and extended by studying the effects of an array of serotonergic agonists on membrane properties, calcium-activated potassium current, and voltage-dependent sodium current in taste receptor cells using the patch-clamp recording technique in the whole-cell configuration. Serotonergic inhibition of calcium-activated potassium current was mimicked by the agonists N-(3-trifluoromethylphenyl)piperazine and by (±)-2-dipropylamino-8-hydroxy-1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene. Both produced reversible inhibition of K Ca as well as significantly increasing the input resistance of the cell. The agonists 1-(1-naphthyl)piperazine and buspirone (both serotonin receptor 1A agonists) were similarly effective in reducing K Ca . Outward current was unaffected by application of phenylbiguanide, a serotonin receptor 3 agonist, though current was affected by subsequent application of (±)-2-dipropylamino-8-hydroxy-1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene. Two agonists—N-(3-trifluoromethylphenyl)piperazine and (±)-2-dipropylamino-8-hydroxy-1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene—were also tested on voltage-dependent sodium currents; both were effective and reversible in reducing its magnitude at a variety of applied potentials. These data are consistent with the notion that serotonin effects in rat taste receptor cells are mediated by serotonin 1A receptors, though other receptor subtypes may be additionally expressed. Serotonin may affect the taste cell electrical properties during active stimulation in a paracrine fashion. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Serotonergic Agonists Inhibit Calcium-Activated Potassium and Voltage-Dependent Sodium Currents in Rat Taste Receptor Cells

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © Inc. by 2000 Springer-Verlag New York
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s002320001014
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Recently we reported that rat taste receptor cells respond to the neurotransmitter serotonin with an inhibition of a calcium-activated potassium current [17]. In the present study, this observation is confirmed and extended by studying the effects of an array of serotonergic agonists on membrane properties, calcium-activated potassium current, and voltage-dependent sodium current in taste receptor cells using the patch-clamp recording technique in the whole-cell configuration. Serotonergic inhibition of calcium-activated potassium current was mimicked by the agonists N-(3-trifluoromethylphenyl)piperazine and by (±)-2-dipropylamino-8-hydroxy-1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene. Both produced reversible inhibition of K Ca as well as significantly increasing the input resistance of the cell. The agonists 1-(1-naphthyl)piperazine and buspirone (both serotonin receptor 1A agonists) were similarly effective in reducing K Ca . Outward current was unaffected by application of phenylbiguanide, a serotonin receptor 3 agonist, though current was affected by subsequent application of (±)-2-dipropylamino-8-hydroxy-1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene. Two agonists—N-(3-trifluoromethylphenyl)piperazine and (±)-2-dipropylamino-8-hydroxy-1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene—were also tested on voltage-dependent sodium currents; both were effective and reversible in reducing its magnitude at a variety of applied potentials. These data are consistent with the notion that serotonin effects in rat taste receptor cells are mediated by serotonin 1A receptors, though other receptor subtypes may be additionally expressed. Serotonin may affect the taste cell electrical properties during active stimulation in a paracrine fashion.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jan 15, 2000

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