Serial recall and nonword repetition in reading disabled children

Serial recall and nonword repetition in reading disabled children This study examined the performance on verbalshort-term memory tasks of specifically readingdisabled children relative to reading-age matched andchronological-age matched control groups. Memory spanfor words, highly wordlike nonwords and less wordlikenonwords, speech rates for these items, and nonwordrepetition were examined. The reading disabled groupperformed equivalently to the reading-age controls onall tasks, and worse than the chronological-agecontrols. An effect of the wordlikeness of thenonwords was found in all tasks. Differences inspeech rate accounted for the effect of wordlikenessin memory span but not for the difference betweenwords and nonwords, or for the difference betweengroups. The stimulus effects did not vary between thegroups suggesting that reading disabled children arenot impaired on the process which gives rise to theseeffects, however they are impaired on the taskoverall, even after speech rate differences are takeninto account. These results are consistent with thenotion that there is a long-term memory contributionto memory span which is related to reading ability. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Reading and Writing Springer Journals

Serial recall and nonword repetition in reading disabled children

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Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 2001 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
Subject
Linguistics; Language and Literature; Psycholinguistics; Education, general; Neurology; Literacy
ISSN
0922-4777
eISSN
1573-0905
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1011123406884
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This study examined the performance on verbalshort-term memory tasks of specifically readingdisabled children relative to reading-age matched andchronological-age matched control groups. Memory spanfor words, highly wordlike nonwords and less wordlikenonwords, speech rates for these items, and nonwordrepetition were examined. The reading disabled groupperformed equivalently to the reading-age controls onall tasks, and worse than the chronological-agecontrols. An effect of the wordlikeness of thenonwords was found in all tasks. Differences inspeech rate accounted for the effect of wordlikenessin memory span but not for the difference betweenwords and nonwords, or for the difference betweengroups. The stimulus effects did not vary between thegroups suggesting that reading disabled children arenot impaired on the process which gives rise to theseeffects, however they are impaired on the taskoverall, even after speech rate differences are takeninto account. These results are consistent with thenotion that there is a long-term memory contributionto memory span which is related to reading ability.

Journal

Reading and WritingSpringer Journals

Published: Oct 3, 2004

References

  • The memory-span deficit in children with specific reading disability: Is speech rate responsible?
    Avons, S.E.; Hanna, C.

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