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Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry, Vol. 76, No. 1, 2003, p. 165. Translated from Zhurnal Prikladnoi Khimii, Vol. 76, No. 1,
2003, p. 171.
Original Russian Text Copyright + 2003 by the Editorial Board.
Sergei Sergeevich Markov
(October 23, 1906!November 20, 2002)
Prikladnaya Khimiya Russian Scientific Center and
the entire domestic chemical science have suffered an
On November 20, 2002, Sergei Sergeevich Mar-
kov, research worker at the Center, doctor of chemis-
try, professor, laureate of Lenin and State Prizes,
passed away at the age of 96. Having graduated from
the Leningrad Pharmaceutical, and then from the
Leningrad Technological, institutes, Sergei Sergeevich
started his scientific activities at the State Institute of
Applied Chemistry (GIPKh) and devoted to this insti-
tute 73 years of his working life, having worked his
long way up from laboratory assistant to deputy direc-
tor of the Institute for scientific work.
Death deprived us of an outstanding scientist,
prominent specialist and organizer in the field of tech-
nical chemistry and space technology. All Prof. Mar-
kov’s activities have been associated with the develop-
ment of domestic chemical industries and creation of
the Russian school of chemical engineers with a broad
spectrum of capabilities.
Technology for nepheline processing, production
of aluminum oxide from bauxites, synthesis of com-
pounds of magnesium, iodine, and bromine and in-
organic fluoro compounds-all these issues have been
the subject of his interests and have been powered by
Special mention should be made of Sergei Sergee-
vich’s works on organization of industry for manufac-
ture of manganese compounds, on whose synthesis he
has been working till the last days of his life.
The originality and national importance of these in-
vestigations and industrial implementation of research
developments are characterized by the fact that, in
1937, the scientific degree of the candidate of science
was conferred to Markov without backing a disserta-
tion, and in 1943, he was awarded the State Prize of
the USSR for the development of GAP (GIPKh active
During the World War II, Sergei Sergeevich re-
mained in besieged Leningrad and supervised, together
with the staff members of GIPKh, manufacture of
defense-related products for the Leningrad front.
In postwar years, continuing his work on problems
concerning the technology of manufacture of fluoride
and manganese compounds, compounds of magnesi-
um, iodine, and bromine, and various nitro com-
pounds, Prof. Markov devoted his efforts to the de-
veloping space technology.
His works on creation of rocket propellant compo-
nents and their use in special technologies culminated
in that, in 1967, Markov was awarded, together with
other members of a group, his second State Prize, and
in 1976, a Lenin Prize for works on technology for
synthesis of a new class of nitro compounds.
Sergei Sergeevich has trained a sizable pleiad of
specialists working in various fields of the national
economy. His disciples include candidates and doctors
of science and directors of companies, and with all
of them he unselfishly shared his ideas, professional
and everyday experience, and knowledge.
Production shops to which Sergei Sergeevich made
a prominent creative contribution are still working
at plants in Slavgorod, Perm, Nevinnomyssk, Dnepro-
dzerzhinsk, Samara, Moscow, St. Petersburg, Saki,
Krasnoperekopsk, Baku, Novotroitsk, Nebit Dag, Nef-
techala, Salavat, and Biisk; his studies in chemistry of
manganese have gained worldwide acceptance.
Markov’s merits have been honored with high
The rich legacy bequeathed to us by Sergei Sergee-
vich is constituted by his disciples, his numerous
papers and inventions, and fruitful scientific ideas he
had no time to implement himself.
An attentive and sensitive person and manager, he
has been always deeply respected by staff members
of the Institute and plants where he has ever been and
The unexceptionable honesty, culture, devotion to
work and colleagues, and enormous working capacity
and energy of Sergei Sergeevich have always caused
sincere delight of those around him.
Together with his relatives and friends, we deeply
grieve over the irreplaceable loss and will preserve
Sergei Sergeevich Markov’s respectful memory in our
Staff members of the Prikladnaya Khimiya
Russian Scientific Center