Sequential Extraction of Valuable Trace Elements from Bayer Process-Derived Waste Red Mud Samples

Sequential Extraction of Valuable Trace Elements from Bayer Process-Derived Waste Red Mud Samples Bayer Process-derived red mud produced in China can be classified into three types according to chemical composition: high-iron diaspore red mud, low-iron diaspore red mud, and gibbsite red mud. The specific chemical and mineral compositions of three such typical Bayer-derived red mud samples have been characterized by XRF, ICP-MS, XRD, and SEM. These results, for example, indicate that GX (a high-iron diaspore red mud) contains more than 1015 μg/g lanthanides, 313 μg/g yttrium, 115 μg/g scandium, and 252 μg/g niobium and that HN (a low-iron diaspore red mud) has a high content of lithium (224 μg/g), whereas SD (a gibbsite red mud) possesses a very low valuable trace element content, except for gallium (59.4 μg/g). A sequential extraction procedure was carried out to assess the leachability of valuable trace elements in these three red mud samples. Applying the extraction procedure, 60% of the yttrium in GX and 65% of the lithium in HN could be extracted which would be of interest for trace metal recovery. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Sustainable Metallurgy Springer Journals

Sequential Extraction of Valuable Trace Elements from Bayer Process-Derived Waste Red Mud Samples

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Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society
Subject
Environment; Sustainable Development; Metallic Materials
ISSN
2199-3823
eISSN
2199-3831
D.O.I.
10.1007/s40831-018-0164-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Bayer Process-derived red mud produced in China can be classified into three types according to chemical composition: high-iron diaspore red mud, low-iron diaspore red mud, and gibbsite red mud. The specific chemical and mineral compositions of three such typical Bayer-derived red mud samples have been characterized by XRF, ICP-MS, XRD, and SEM. These results, for example, indicate that GX (a high-iron diaspore red mud) contains more than 1015 μg/g lanthanides, 313 μg/g yttrium, 115 μg/g scandium, and 252 μg/g niobium and that HN (a low-iron diaspore red mud) has a high content of lithium (224 μg/g), whereas SD (a gibbsite red mud) possesses a very low valuable trace element content, except for gallium (59.4 μg/g). A sequential extraction procedure was carried out to assess the leachability of valuable trace elements in these three red mud samples. Applying the extraction procedure, 60% of the yttrium in GX and 65% of the lithium in HN could be extracted which would be of interest for trace metal recovery.

Journal

Journal of Sustainable MetallurgySpringer Journals

Published: Feb 12, 2018

References

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