Many database applications have the emerging need to support approximate queries that ask for strings that are similar to a given string, such as “name similar to smith ” and “telephone number similar to 412-0964 ”. Query optimization needs the selectivity of such an approximate predicate, i.e., the fraction of records in the database that satisfy the condition. In this paper, we study the problem of estimating selectivities of approximate string predicates. We develop a novel technique, called S epia , to solve the problem. Given a bag of strings, our technique groups the strings into clusters, builds a histogram structure for each cluster, and constructs a global histogram. It is based on the following intuition: given a query string q , a preselected string p in a cluster, and a string s in the cluster, based on the proximity between q and p , and the proximity between p and s , we can obtain a probability distribution from a global histogram about the similarity between q and s . We give a full specification of the technique using the edit distance metric. We study challenges in adopting this technique, including how to construct the histogram structures, how to use them to do selectivity estimation, and how to alleviate the effect of non-uniform errors in the estimation. We discuss how to extend the techniques to other similarity functions. Our extensive experiments on real data sets show that this technique can accurately estimate selectivities of approximate string predicates.
The VLDB Journal – Springer Journals
Published: Aug 1, 2008
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera