The effects of various extenders and cryoprotectants on movable spermatozoa ratio (MSR), spermatozoa velocity (SV) and duration of spermatozoa motility (DSM) of post-thawed spermatozoa were examined. The MSR, SV and DSM of post-thawed sperm in artificial seminal plasma (ASP) extender were higher than those in marine fish Ringer’s solution (MFRS) extender (P < 0.01) and was not significantly different from that of fresh sperm. No significant differences were observed in the motility parameters between fresh spermatozoa and frozen-thawed spermatozoa cryopreserved with ASP extender supplement 10% EG (ethylene glycol) cryoprotectant. Using the above method, yellow croaker semen was cryopreserved with extender ASP and 10% EG. As a result, at the spermatozoa/egg ratio of 100,000:1, the fertilization rate and hatching rate of the frozen-thawed spermatozoa cryopreserved for 1 week or 1 year in liquid nitrogen (45.7 ± 3.2% and 27.2 ± 5.0% or 37.5 ± 4.4% and 27.2 ± 5.0%) were similar to that of fresh spermatozoa (51.0 ± 3.1% and 36.7 ± 2.2%). There was a small alternation of shape in cryopreserved spermatozoa compared with fresh spermatozoa. In conclusion, the optimal conditions for yellow croaker semen cryopreservation are ASP extender supplement 10% EG cryoprotectant. This is the first report on semen cryopreservation of yellow croaker Larimichthys polyactis.
Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 26, 2011
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