Fluorescence localization microscopy has achieved near-molecular resolution capable of revealing ultra-structures, with a broad range of applications, especially in cellular biology. However, it remains challenging to attain such resolution in three dimensions and inside biological tissues beyond the first cell layer. Here we introduce SELFI, a framework for 3D single-molecule localization within multicellular specimens and tissues. The approach relies on self-interference generated within the microscope's point spread function (PSF) to simultaneously encode equiphase and intensity fluorescence signals, which together provide the 3D position of an emitter. We combined SELFI with conventional localization microscopy to visualize F-actin 3D filament networks and reveal the spatial distribution of the transcription factor OCT4 in human induced pluripotent stem cells at depths up to 50 µm inside uncleared tissue spheroids. SELFI paves the way to nanoscale investigations of native cellular processes in intact tissues.
Nature Methods – Springer Journals
Published: Apr 30, 2018
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