Eur J Plast Surg (2012) 35:199–200 DOI 10.1007/s00238-010-0541-2 CASE REPORT Self-inflicted formic acid burn: rare form of acid burn (two case reports) Vipula Perera & Kolitha Karunadasa & Chandini Perera Received: 22 June 2010 /Accepted: 16 November 2010 /Published online: 8 January 2011 # Springer-Verlag 2011 Introduction In Sri Lanka, 70% of suicides are caused by intentional self-poisoning and out of these 90% are due to pesticide Formic acid is a simple carboxylic acid. Its formula is and herbicides. The rest includes oleander poisoning and HCOOH or CH O . It is a colourless, fuming liquid with drug overdose [4, 6]. 2 2 highly pungent, penetrating odour. In 1671, the English naturalist John Ray became the first person to describe the isolation of formic acid by distillation of large number of Case 1 ants. These insects secrete the substance naturally for attack and defence purpose. Thus, the name “formic acid” was A 45-year-old mother of three children presented with coined from the Latin word for ant, formica. suicidal consumption of 75 ml 0f 90% formic acid at home. Exposure to formic acid can occur through inhalation, On account of the pungent smell and irritation, she did not ingestion, and
European Journal of Plastic Surgery – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 1, 2012
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