We study gravitational collapse with anisotropic pressures, whose end stage can mimic space–times that are seeded by galactic dark matter. To this end, we identify a class of space–times (with conical defects) that can arise out of such a collapse process, and admit stable circular orbits at all radial distances. These have a naked singularity at the origin. An example of such a space–time is seen to be the Bertrand space–time discovered by Perlick, that admits closed, stable orbits at all radii. Using relativistic two-fluid models, we show that our galactic space–times might indicate exotic matter, i.e one of the component fluids may have negative pressure for a certain asymptotic fall off of the associated mass density, in the Newtonian limit. We complement this analysis by studying some simple examples of Newtonian two-fluid systems, and compare this with the Newtonian limit of the relativistic systems considered.
General Relativity and Gravitation – Springer Journals
Published: Aug 12, 2017
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