Self-employment and the local business cycle

Self-employment and the local business cycle The business cycle is likely to be of importance for self-employment rates. When the economy is growing, business opportunities open up and encourage the setup of new firms. In downturns, self-employment may be a way to avoid unemployment. The strength of these pull and push factors may depend on the amount of human capital a person has. The findings in this paper show that although the local business cycle is of minor importance for total self-employment rates in Sweden, there are heterogeneous effects across groups. People with higher human capital endowments are more likely to be pulled into self-employment, while those with lower human capital endowments are to a larger extent pushed into self-employment. This pattern is particularly strong for women. The study contributes to our knowledge of how individuals respond to business cycle changes as well as towards understanding why the association between the business cycle and self-employment rates differ across countries. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Small Business Economics Springer Journals

Self-employment and the local business cycle

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2014 by Springer Science+Business Media New York
Subject
Economics / Management Science; Management/Business for Professionals; Microeconomics; Entrepreneurship; Industrial Organization
ISSN
0921-898X
eISSN
1573-0913
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11187-014-9592-2
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The business cycle is likely to be of importance for self-employment rates. When the economy is growing, business opportunities open up and encourage the setup of new firms. In downturns, self-employment may be a way to avoid unemployment. The strength of these pull and push factors may depend on the amount of human capital a person has. The findings in this paper show that although the local business cycle is of minor importance for total self-employment rates in Sweden, there are heterogeneous effects across groups. People with higher human capital endowments are more likely to be pulled into self-employment, while those with lower human capital endowments are to a larger extent pushed into self-employment. This pattern is particularly strong for women. The study contributes to our knowledge of how individuals respond to business cycle changes as well as towards understanding why the association between the business cycle and self-employment rates differ across countries.

Journal

Small Business EconomicsSpringer Journals

Published: Jun 8, 2014

References

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